Science and the NeuroVizr™
The NeuroVizr™ is a personal Wellness device and not a medical device. It is a wearable headset that integrates both light and sound signal stimulation. The light signaling is provided by uniquely configured LEDs and experienced with eyes closed. The sound signaling is integrated into the light signaling and is delivered by headphones/earbuds. The NeuroVizr™ Experience is controlled by an original app loaded into a smartphone.
SCIENCE-BASED DESIGNS:The NeuroVizr™ and its specific light/sound compositions have not been assessed in formal clinical studies. Such studies are under consideration for review. The NeuroVizr™ design and light/sound composition formats are based on several previously verified principles and, as such, weigh a range of well-accepted scientific applications.
LIST OF ITEM SUMMARIES:1) NEUROVIZR™ HARDWARE: Summary: The physical design of the LEDs maximizes the optometric requirements for a unique type of MACRO pattern stimulation of the central and autonomic nervous systems. 2) NEUROVIZR™ TRIPLE SIGNAL DYNAMICS: Summary: The NeuroVizr™ utilizes three integrated types of light signaling simultaneously, resulting in unusually rich and meaningful brain information messaging. 3) BRAIN ENGAGEMENT & NEUROPLASTICITY: Summary: The NeuroVizr™ light/sound signaling processes are built upon the core factors that are known to engage and enhance positive neuroplasticity. 4) SENSORY ENRICHMENT: Summary: The cardinal sensory enrichment factors that stimulate generalized neuroplastic processes are fundamentally incorporated into the NeuroVizr™ light/sound signaling designs. 5) BRAIN PRIMING: Summary: The NeuroVizr™ light/sound experience is an effective Brain Priming stimulation, improving the outcomes of various associated techniques and therapies. 6) EMDR & NEUROVIZR™: Summary: The EMDR psychological process is enhanced by applying alternating bilateral photic stimulation, also found throughout the NeuroVizr™ light/sound sessions. 7) Entropic Brain/Psychedelic Information Theory: Summary: Advanced brain research utilizing psychedelic compounds creates a roadmap for NeuroVizr™ light/sound signaling designs that have integrated periods of de-stabilization and re-stabilization for optimum information processing. 8) REBUS & ANARCHIC BRAIN: Summary: The combination of Certainty and Uncertainty of signaling in the NeuroVizr™ light/sound experience promotes a softening or relaxing of rigid neurological patterns, which enhances the acquisition of new adaptive behaviors.
NEUROVIZR™ HARDWARE:Summary: The physical design of the LEDs maximizes the optometric requirements for a unique type of MACRO pattern stimulation of the central and autonomic nervous systems. When inspecting the NeuroVizr™ hardware headset, it is immediately apparent that the LEDs have a unique configuration and placement away from the eyes. The design is very much unlike conventional “Mind Machine” Brain Entrainment devices, both current and historically, that use goggles/eyeglass frames. This distinct design expresses particular optometric parameters required to successfully apply so-called MACRO stimulation patterns and movements of the LED light signaling. In simplicity, the horizontal and vertical (H/V) limits must match the H/V of the average human visual field and present a normative binocular vision spectrum. This same H/V parameter set is well-known in Virtual Reality devices and applications. These MACRO LED signal positions and movements are known to affect the autonomic nervous system through either sympathetic excitation or parasympathetic sedation, as well as various cognitive functions such as memory and visual/auditory imagination. Advanced neuro-psychological studies also illustrate such factors as applied to EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitizing & Reprocessing – see EMDR section below).
NEUROVIZR™ TRIPLE SIGNAL DYNAMICS:Summary: The NeuroVizr™ utilizes three integrated types of light signaling simultaneously, resulting in unusually rich and meaningful brain information messaging. In the section above (NEUROVIZR™ HARDWARE), the concept of MACRO signaling is introduced. Here we shall expand the signaling dynamics to include all three approaches in the NeuroVizr™. The three are:
MACRO:As described above, MACRO signals involve specific LED activity regarding various static positions on the LED template and different moving patterns. Such static/moving patterns generalize the nervous system and create a foundational disposition in the neurological responses to the overall signaling.
MESO:The MESO signaling refers to an exceptional range of LED “pulsing” rates (to be distinguished from the MICRO “flickering” rates). Advancing neurological research increasingly recognizes that physiological oscillatory rates throughout the human body express themselves in rhythms that ideally constitute an overall “resonance.” Therefore, brain wave oscillations will exist in harmonic relationship to many more somatic changes throughout the soma or body. Heart rate, breathing rates, cerebral-spinal pulsations, peristaltic contractions, and so on seek resonance with the ideal goal of coherence. Think of MESO pulses as music rhythms you can dance to. Let’s face it; no one can dance to the “flicker” brain wave rates.
MICRO:The LEDs also turn off and on (flicker) at rates within a second. These MICRO signals have fine-tuning effects on brain messaging. Microcontrollers can easily manage such rates, constituting the MICRO level of the NeuroVizr™ TRIPLE SIGNAL DYNAMICS. Such MICRO signaling has a compositional set point that enables different “strengths” in the flicker by adjusting the “duty cycle” of each touch. Furthermore, series sequencing and rates of change play a critical role in the effects of the MICRO flicker signals. The results can be reasonably compared to the core significance of sound compositional structures common to all musical styles and genres.
COMBINING MACRO-MESO-MICRO:The ability to compose and adjust three distinct yet integrated levels of light signaling simultaneously yields a unique and vibrant visual messaging experience. Each level of light signaling is effective in its own right, so when combining them, the information output is drastically enhanced, much like combining three musical instruments into a jazz ensemble.
BRAIN ENGAGEMENT & NEUROPLASTICITY:Summary: The NeuroVizr™ light/sound signaling processes are built upon the core factors that are known to engage and enhance positive neuroplasticity. It is impossible to avoid the term neuroplasticity when considering our brain wellness. The NeuroVizr™ light/sound experience incorporates, at a fundamental level, proven elements of successful neuroplastic stimulation techniques. As such, the new term Brain Engagement is applied to the NeuroVizr™ methodology. Four factors are required to successfully “ENGAGE” our brain in directed neuroplastic growth and adaptation:
- Sustained focus attention;
- Marginal demand;
- Open-minded belief or willingness;
- Enjoyment of the process (the “secret sauce”).
SENSORY ENRICHMENT:Summary: The cardinal sensory enrichment factors that stimulate generalized neuroplastic processes are fundamentally incorporated into the NeuroVizr™ light/sound signaling designs. It is fascinating that the person credited with the early recognition of basic brain neuroplasticity is also the same person to demonstrate the neuroplastic results of Sensory Enrichment processes successfully. A Canadian researcher, Donald Hebb, performed impressive rodent research in the late 1940s in “environmental enrichment” experiments. (Sensory Enrichment is an extension of Environmental Enrichment principles.) It was evident that such “enrichment” promoted general neuroplastic growth in the brain. When examining the physical brains of “sensory enriched” rodents, surprisingly, these brains were more extensive and more developed due to the enrichment processes. During the decades that followed (and preceding our current period), what we now call ‘neuroplasticity” was called “Hebbian Learning.” The NeuroVizr™ light/sound experience uses Sensory Enrichment methodology to stimulate generalized neuroplastic responses. Five factors are required to successfully “ENRICH” our brain in generalized neuroplastic growth and adaptation:
- Combine two different sensory types of stimulation;
- The sensory experience must be novel/unique and unlike everyday experiences;
- The experience must be isolated and free from distraction;
- The user must be of free will and not forced;
- The experience optimally should be enjoyable (more “secret sauce”).
BRAIN PRIMING:Summary: The NeuroVizr™ light/sound experience is an effective Brain Priming stimulation, improving the outcomes of various associated techniques and therapies. The Brain Priming characteristics of the NeuroVizr™ make the experience “everybody’s best friend.” Regardless of what neuro-stimulatory techniques one employs, doing the NeuroVizr™ first tends to improve the outcomes of the methods. Priming, applied in physiological and psychological tasks, is a technique whereby exposure to one stimulus influences a response to a subsequent stimulus without necessarily induced conscious guidance or intention. “Priming” is a type of implicit learning wherein a stimulus prompts a behavior change. Priming, which may occur after a single learning episode, is implicit learning capable of inducing neuroplasticity. “Studies of priming originated in psychology but have since been investigated in neuroscience, neurorehabilitation, and cognitive neuroscience using behavioral and brain mapping techniques. These translational and clinical studies have been examining … priming as a tool for inducing neuroplasticity…”. (Stoykov and Madhavan,) The general theory underlying priming is that the brain, primed by a prior activation method, is generally more responsive to the accompanying training. Priming presupposes that enhanced neural activity before or during exercise can facilitate the acquisition of long-term potentiation- (LTP) or long-term depression- (LTD) like mechanisms. Two proposed neural mechanisms for priming include gating and homeostatic plasticity. Gating occurs by disinhibiting intracortical inhibitory circuits due to increased calcium in the targeted cortical neurons. Gating occurs instantaneously and is achieved concurrently with motor training. Homeostatic plasticity is the ability of neurons to increase excitability after a period of low synaptic activity (and, conversely, to decrease excitability after a period of high synaptic activity). It is related to changes in postsynaptic glutamate receptors. The time scale of homeostatic meta-plasticity, compared to gating, is protracted. Hence, the resting state of neurons is modulated before training to induce synaptic plasticity. The priming paradigms that are supported by the greatest amount of evidence are:
- Energetic Stimulation – based; (such as transcranial magnetic stimulation)
- Motor Imagery – based; (mental movement rehearsal)
- Sensory–based; (NB. NeuroVizr# style “priming” is Sensory-based.)
- MoMovement-based(actual low-power movement rehearsal)
- Pharmacological – based. (Ziemann and Siebner)